Missed Periods… Am I Pregnant?

Missed Periods? Try not to freak out. It’s normal to miss it occasionally. It could be your body’s response to the increased stress, lifestyle changes or unhealthy eating habits. But sometimes it could be a sign of a greater cause. 

Let’s check out one by one the reasons behind missed periods.

You are stressed out. 

Stress takes a toll on our bodies in any form. Missed periods is one of the symptoms that you are sitting under the roof of too much stress. Learn to detox your mind of all the worldly clutter.

How does stress affect your periods, you ask?

The regulation of menstruation is controlled by a complex set of hormones. Likely, the body’s reaction to stress leads to changes in the level of many hormones. When you are under a lot of stress your body stays in a fight-or-flight mode, which in turn interferes with your ovulation. The lack of ovulation leads to missed or delayed periods. 

You have gained or lost weight.

Several changes in your body weight can affect your hypothalamus – a gland in your brain which is responsible for regulating varied processes – including the menstrual cycle.

Extreme weight loss or low-calorie intake can stress your hypothalamus thereby inhibiting the body from producing estrogen. On the other hand, weight gain in a short duration causes your body to produce too much estrogen, thus causing the endometrial lining to overgrow and become unstable. This paves a way towards heavy, irregular, or missed periods.

You have boosted your workout intensity.

An exhausting workout schedule can also miss your periods. This is most common in those who work out for long hours a day. It happens because now you are burning too many calories than you are taking in. 

When you burn too many calories, your body does not have enough energy to keep all the processes running. This leads to hormonal imbalance & causes your periods to take a back seat. 

Just restrain your workout regimen and you may soon go back to your normal period cycle. 

You are ill

Certain illnesses like cold or flu can stress your body and disturb ovulation. If the illness around the time of your ovulation caused you to miss a period, then you are likely to get it back to normal cycle after you’ve recovered.

Change in schedule or lifestyle.

Whether you believe it or not, switching things up – like, working in the night shifts instead of days or travelling across the countries may throw off your internal body clock thereby impacting your hormonal equilibrium. Many times, this results in a missed period, but it should get back to normal once your body gets used to change or your schedule gets back to normal. 

You have PCOS.

PCOS is a condition wherein the female sex hormones are out of balance. This causes cysts in the ovaries and stops the process of ovulation. In addition to missed periods, PCOS can also contribute to weight gain, excessive hair growth, acne, and sometimes infertility. Your doctor may ask you to do blood to check whether PCOS is the culprit behind the missed periods. With proper medication, this problem can be brought under control. 

You are on Birth Control Pills

The pills can have an adverse effect on your period cycle especially during the initial months of taking the pills. Still, many women love to gulp down the pills as they think it makes their periods regular.

As you stop taking the pills suddenly it may cause hormonal imbalance in your body which in turn gives you missed periods. 

You are in Perimenopause.

Perimenopause is the time you have reached close to menopause. It usually begins in your late forties. This stage stays with you until your period stops completely.

Most missed periods are the signs of perimenopause. Your period may appear in the first and then disappear for the next three consecutive months. Or, you have a missed period in the first month and get it on time for the next consecutive months. Most of the time it may appear unexpectedly with a heavier or lighter flow. 

You have a Thyroid.

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped organ responsible for maintaining your body’s metabolism. If it does not function properly then it causes irregular or missed periods. An overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) may make your periods lighter and less frequent. An underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) may make your periods less frequent but heavier. 

A blood test can help your doctor determine if you have a thyroid disorder or not.  

You are Pregnant.

Sometimes late periods typically signal what you think: You are pregnant! Because of the many early pregnancy symptoms like nausea, bloating, breast tenderness, spotting, fatigue – this can be like what you experience in the initial days before menstruation. It can be improper to put a pregnancy tag just because you have a missed period for a few days. Just do a pregnancy test at home and get confirmed or else get in touch with your gynaecologist soon. 

In a nutshell

Missed periods can be alarming. Yeah, indeed they are! If you are finding yourself in too much trouble or anxiety, then it’s better to make an appointment with your gynaecologist and get proper treatment. 

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